The Summer School on Islamic Urban Heritage 2012 held its second panel on July 4th 2012 at the Yıldız Palace and Mimar Sinan University.
Yuksel Demir, Assistant Professor, Faculty of Architecture, Istanbul Technical University, Turkey presented a talk on the urban heritage of Mardin where everyone respects each other and MardINT project. He pointed out the need for interdiscipline research center as an international platform for all intellectual activities in collaboration with some local actors. He emphasized the importance of Mardin hosted one of the first universities of the world and many education institutions. Mardin's citizens are in demand of a higher education institute which can do guidance and consultancy to the administrators and citizens for the solutions of problems of Mardin in the future in replacing these lost institutions. He also mentioned that nature (topography, climate, geography, resources and agriculture) and culture (diversity, richness and problems) have direct influence on architecture.
Mine Topcubasi, Assistant Professor, Faculty of Engineering and Architecture, Yildiz Technical University, Turkey presented a paper focusing on the 19th century Kastamonu. She pointed out rulers were forced to change the system in the 19th century and with modernization and westernization process of Ottoman architecture new forms of buildings like governmental buildings, hospitals, libraries, military barracks and municipality buildings were shaped and preserved by building regulations. She concluded the paper by highlighting that traditional buildings were demolished because of modernization and floor highs, plot sizes, materials were totally changed.
Livio Sacchi, Professor of Architecture, School of Architecture of Chieti-Pescara, Gabriele d'Annunzio University, Italy presented his lecture on Jeddah and Al Balad Historical District Survey project. He mentioned that as a wealthy city Jeddah combined the Middle Eastern and Southern Mediterranean culture and was still alive unlike the other cities of Saudi Arabia in the middle of the desert. In his presentation he explained why renovation of a district should serve inhabitant's own social/cultural needs and values by giving the example of Nassef House in Jeddah. He pointed out the buildings were demolished in order to make money and new commercial buildings were built. He emphasized traditional buildings could coexist with modern and digitalized world.
Suphi Saatci, Professor of Architecture, Mimar Sinan University, Istanbul, Turkey presented a paper titled "The Classical Age of Ottoman Architecture and Sinan". He exemplified Sinan's works like Rustem Pasha Mosque, Mihrimah Sultan Complex, Seyhzade Mosque and his masterpieces Suleymaniye Complex and Selimiye Mosque. He pointed out the uniqueness of Sinan's circular domes and the importance of unity of space in his mosques and complexes. He also mentioned the restoration of Hagia Sofia by Mimar Sinan.
Demet Binan, Director of Mimar Sinan Research Center, Istanbul, Turkey presented her lecture on focusing Mimar Sinan's masterpieces Suleymaniye Complex and Selimiye Mosque added to UNESCO's World Heritage List. She explained the hassa architecture system and architects like Sinan responsible for new constructions and repairs. She pointed out most of monumental structures designed by Sinan are in Istanbul. She concluded by explaining prevented preservation.
Murat Guvenc, Professor, Department of Sociology, Sehir University, Istanbul, Turkey presented a talk on Istanbul as metropolis extralarge. He pointed out strategic and historic importance of Istanbul. He pointed out modernization and globalization process of Istanbul by telling four stories about Istanbul. He divided Istanbul into two major groups and explained deindustrialization process and the contrast between center and periphery by using these groups. He mentioned Bosphorus and the Golden Horn generated non-negligible deterrence effects upon intra-urban mobility. He concluded by explaining projects on the agenda like marmarail, earthquake prevention urban transformation, third bridge, euroasian tunnel and new metros.